Wednesday, September 23, 2009
Wednesday, September 09, 2009
You are The Wheel of Fortune
Good fortune and happiness but sometimes a species of intoxication with success
The Wheel of Fortune is all about big things, luck, change, fortune. Almost always good fortune. You are lucky in all things that you do and happy with the things that come to you. Be careful that success does not go to your head however. Sometimes luck can change.
What Tarot Card are You?
Take the Test to Find Out.
Sunday, September 06, 2009
Friday, September 04, 2009
Researchers claim AIDS vaccine breakthrough
Posted Fri Sep 4, 2009 6:34am AEST
Updated Fri Sep 4, 2009 7:10am AEST
US researchers have discovered two powerful new antibodies which could hold the key to achieving a viable AIDS vaccine, according to a study published in the journal Science.
The antibodies are produced naturally by a minority of people infected with HIV and are able to neutralise a high percentage of the many types of the virus currently in circulation worldwide.
Researchers in California believe they can create an effective vaccine if they are able to stimulate the body to produce such "broadly neutralising" antibodies before exposure to HIV.
"The findings themselves are an exciting advance toward the goal of an effective AIDS vaccine because now we've got a new, potentially better target on HIV to focus our efforts for vaccine design," said Wayne Koff, senior vice president of research and development at the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative.
"And having identified this one, we're set up to find more, which should further accelerate global efforts in AIDS vaccine development."
These are the first broadly neutralising antibodies to have been identified in more than a decade and are the first from donors in developing countries, where 95 per cent of new HIV infections occur.
Just four other broadly neutralising antibodies have been discovered to date and they functioned by binding to places on the virus that have proven difficult to exploit.
"These new antibodies, which are more potent than other antibodies described to date... attach to a novel and potentially more accessible site on HIV to facilitate vaccine design," said Dennis Burton, scientific director of the vaccine initiative's California-based Neutralising Antibody Centre.
"So now we may have a better chance of designing a vaccine that will elicit such broadly neutralising antibodies, which we think are key to successful vaccine development."
The antibodies target a region of the virus which is used to infect cells and has evolved to thwart attacks from the immune system by becoming highly variable.
The antibodies appear to target regions of this protein that do not change, the study found.
This could explain their potency and breadth.
High potency is important because it allows for protection without requiring the body to produce large quantities of the antibodies.
The breadth of neutralisation is important because HIV - the virus which causes AIDS - has evolved into so many different subtypes.
The antibodies were isolated using a new screening method which tested the blood of more than 1,800 HIV-infected volunteers from seven Sub-Saharan countries, Thailand, Australia, Britain and the United States.
Researchers are hopeful that the new method will help them discover additional broadly neutralising antibodies.